Just Confirmed: This Vitamin And Powerful Antioxidant Keeps Muscles And Bones Strong (Hint: It's Not Vitamin C) - Save Our Bones

Vitamin E is rarely considered in the fight against osteoporosis. Yet this powerful antioxidant and muscle-builder is an important nutrient for bones.

In today’s post, we explore Vitamin E’s role as an antioxidant and investigate recent research on how Vitamin E keeps muscles (and therefore bones) healthy and strong.

You’ll also learn which foods are highest in Vitamin E. Chances are, you’re already eating some of them because most of them are Foundation Foods.

A good place to begin is to delve into…

Vitamin E’s Profile

Like Vitamin C, Vitamin E has a dual function as an antioxidant and a vitamin. “Vitamin E” refers to eight different fat-soluble nutrients – four tocopherols and four tocotrienols. You’ve surely heard of the high-profile alpha-tocopherol, because it’s been studied most extensively. But researchers are discovering the benefits of the other seven nutrients as well.

For example, gamma-tocopherol is beginning to get attention. While alpha-tocopherol is superior as an antioxidant, gamma-tocopherol appears to be the better anti-inflammatory, making it a more powerful protective against inflammation-associated illnesses such as cancer, arthritis, and cardiovascular disease.1

In addition to its powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, new research sheds light on Vitamin E’s role in muscle integrity.

How Vitamin E Helps Build Strong Muscles

It’s no secret that Vitamin E is good for muscles – body-builders routinely include Vitamin E in their diets. But just how and why this vitamin builds muscle has been unknown until recently.

It turns out that it has to do with the integrity of cellular membranes. You see, every cell in your body has a membrane, and they can and do get torn. But muscle cell membranes habitually get torn simply from use, and must be repaired to function. In the case of muscle cells, the repair of torn cell membranes is the essence of building muscle – muscle must be damaged slightly to strengthen.

Something else happens when muscles are worked during exercise: the energy-creating mitochondria within the cells increase their production of free radicals because they burn more oxygen than when the muscle is at rest. This increase in reactive oxidative species (ROS) can hamper cell membrane repair – unless Vitamin E is present.

Vitamin E is fat soluble, so it can enter the cell membrane itself (which is composed primarily of proteins and lipids), and act as a defense against the damaging effects of free radicals. In addition, Vitamin E facilitates membrane repair by enabling the regenerative action of phospholipids, which are major components of cell membranes.

So Vitamin E works directly on the membranes of muscle cells to speed and enhance healing, making it indispensable for maintaining and building muscle strength and integrity.

Scientists discovered this by dividing rats into three groups and feeding them regular feed, Vitamin E-enhanced feed, or feed without any Vitamin E. The rats, whose muscle integrity had been evaluated beforehand, then had their muscles analyzed after exercise. Those who were deficient in Vitamin E had smaller, inflamed muscles in contrast to the rats who received Vitamin E in their diets.2

What Does This Have To Do With Bone Health?

The answer is, plenty! Strong muscles help build bone as per Wolff’s Law, which states that muscle tension applied on the bone stimulates bone growth. Therefore, while exercise is a vital component to develop fracture-resistant bones, it’s crucial to have muscle-rejuvenating nutrients as well.

It’s interesting to note that the Vitamin E-supplemented feed did not have a better effect on the rats’ muscles than the feed that had Vitamin E naturally in it. That’s significant as we explore the various foods that contain Vitamin E.

Foods Rich In Vitamin E

Unfortunately, most adults who consume an average diet do not get enough Vitamin E. But the pH-balanced nutritional plan in the Osteoporosis Reversal Program is well above average! So if you’re on the Program, you’re already getting plenty of muscle-protecting, bone-healthy Vitamin E.

*Foundation Food

Should You Take A Vitamin E Supplement?

It’s not necessary to take a supplement if you’re regularly eating the Foundation Foods listed above. But if you do choose to take one, be aware of the labeling. I’ll explain.

Because of its eightfold nature, Vitamin E is not measured in milligrams. Instead, dosage charts refer to “milligrams of alpha-tocopherol equivalents,” or “mg ATE,” since this form of measurement does not denote which of the eight nutrients were used in determining the dosage.

Another unit of measure you’ll often see on Vitamin E supplements is IUs, or International Units. This measurement system allows supplement manufacturers to “spike” their product with cheaper, widely-available alpha-tocopherol. This skews the ratio of tocopherols to tocotrienols.

So if you choose to take a supplement, a good place to start is with 400IUs a day of mixed tocopherols – gamma, delta, and alpha, with a greater proportion of gamma than alpha. Then you needn’t worry that the IU measurement has been used as a loophole.

True Or False: Vitamin E Supplements and Mortality Increase

In 2007, a study linked Vitamin E supplementation with increased all-cause mortality. But a recent meta-analysis shows that this study, and others like it, are flawed.

Researchers carefully investigated dozens of studies that were published between 1988 and 2009, involving hundreds of thousands of participants. They found that many studies that seemed to correlate Vitamin E with mortality averaged 2.6 years for follow-up time, which is hardly enough to make a connection between mortality and supplementation.

In addition, no compliance data were included in the study results, meaning that those who stuck with the supplementation and those who didn’t were lumped into the same category when results were assessed at follow-up.3

The meta-anlaysis concluded that “supplementation with vitamin E appears neither beneficial nor harmful in terms of mortality.”3

So taking a quality Vitamin E supplement is fine, but it is not necessary if you eat foods from the list above.

Supplements And Exercise Work Together

Savers know that all Foundation Supplements work together to build and rejuvenate bone; no nutrient works in isolation. So eating the right foods is crucial; but the quickest way to restore your bone density as you nourish your bones is to exercise.

The Densercise™ Epidensity Training System targets specific areas that are prone to low density and fracture, such as the hips, lower back, ankles, and wrists. As the name implies, Densercise™ provides the mechanical stimulation that actually influences gene expression that regulates bone density. And the stronger your muscles, the more effective that stimulation will be.

Take Exercising For Your Bones to the Next Level!

Learn the 52 exercise moves that jumpstart bone-building – all backed by the latest in epigenetics research.

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Please feel free to share your thoughts on today’s topic with the community by leaving a comment below.

Till next time,


1 Qing Jiang, Stephan Christen, Mark K Shigenaga and Bruce N Ames. Gamma Tocopherol, the major form of vitamin E in the US diet, deserves more attention, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 74, No. 6, 714-722, December 2001.

2 Mohamed Labazi, Anna K. McNeil, Timothy Kurtz, Taylor C. Lee, Ronald B. Pegg, José Pedro Friedmann Angeli, Marcus Conrad, Paul L. McNeil. “The antioxidant requirement for plasma membrane repair in skeletal muscle.” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 2015; 84: 246 DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.03.016

3 Abner, Erin L., MPH. “Vitamin E and all-cause mortality: A meta-analysis.” Curr Aging Sci. July 2011. 4(2): 158-170. Web. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4030744/

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Comments on this article are closed.

  1. Frieda

    My nephew use to have cradle cap when he was little I use to use baby oil on his. Just put it on and let it set for a few minutes then get a very thin toothed comb like a lice comb and comb the baby oil through the hair until all is gone, it might take a few times but it worked for him. He is not bothered with this anymore, of course he is a grown man now.

  2. Nicole

    Hello Vivian,

    I have been following your articles for many years now and I want you to know how much it is appreciated. I hope you will continue for a long time. I refer a lot of my friends and acquaintances to your site as well. Now for my question, I fell on the ice in February and broke my right hip. According to the doctors, they needed to replace half of my hip, and when you are lying in emergency, you don’t have a choice but to go with what they said was needed. I am fortunately doing well now, but I was wondering if dencersize would be okay for me. I had a knee replaced as well, from fractures while skiing in the past and since the knee was not quite straight afterward, there was too much wear and tear on my left knee. However, since the right knee was the one that had to compensate for everything, it is also worn out now, but I have some great vitamin that help control the problem. All this, to say that I can’t really jump or do difficult moves, but I would really like to try your program but wanted to know if it would be suitable for me. Thanks for your help and sorry for the long-winded message. All the best. Nicole

  3. Janis

    I read recently that it would be helpful for doctors to leave their prescription pads behind and take groups to the supermarket to indicate beneficial foods for conditions. I think this would be a great idea. Perhaps Vivian would come over to the UK and lead these. For example, I heard that doctors are recommending people who are obese use a smaller plate- portion control. However it is so important what people put on their plate. Keep up the good work Vivian.

    • Vivian Goldschmidt, MA

      What a great idea, Janis!

  4. Edward

    I have sciatica and degenerate disc disease,I’m always in pain and the medication I get is bad .in conclusion is vitamin e good for me.

    • Vivian Goldschmidt, MA

      I am sorry you are experiencing pain, Edward. That can be very challenging to deal with, and I hope you are able to find a successful resolution. As far as Vitamin E goes, the choice is yours to supplement or not – I encourage you to continue researching, and not be afraid to make your own decisions about supplementation.

  5. Linda

    Taking 5000 IU’s of Vitamin E3—Is this too much? It was recommended by holistic doctor.

    • Bev

      Are you sure it wasn’t Vitamin D3? This is usually the clinical dose and type of vitamin D that is recommended for someone who has osteoporosis, or low levels of vitamin D in their blood. I’ve never heard of vitamin E3.

  6. Kathleen Dechiara

    Is water aerobics beneficial to bone health? Shallow water and/or deep water. Land exercises have stressed my joints which have some arthritis.

    • Vivian Goldschmidt, MA

      Hi Kathleen,
      Good question! Because water provides resistance, it can be of some use for resistance/weight training, and it can be a great injury-free workout. But water greatly reduces the effect of impact exercises. If you can do some walking, that would be your best bet – it’s an excellent weight-bearing exercise. 🙂

  7. shula


  8. Ita.

    Thank you, Ita.

  9. philomina Gwanfogbe

    What about Red Palm oil as an execellent source of all 8 types of Vitamin E.

    • Vivian Goldschmidt, MA

      Hi Philomina,
      Red Palm oil is a particularly good source of α-tocotrienol, a little-known Vitamin E analog that has not been extensively researched. But a 2010 study confirmed red palm oil’s positive effects on the central nervous system (CNS) and in the treatment of cancer and high cholesterol. (You can read the abstract here:
      https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3065441/) If you choose to take red palm oil, go for raw and organic whenever possible. 🙂

  10. EDNA

    as a baby my son had “Cradle cap”….I can’t remember what I did for him, but he is now 50 yrs of age, and has developed something very similar on his head…..Is is very itchy and scaly, and looks like he may start losing his hair…He has tried several shampoos for Cereboreea (?) but nothing is working…Does anyone have a suggestion??
    Thanks for anything..

    • Rosemary

      Yes, apple cider vinegar for sure. Wet hair and rub it all over the scalp. Let it stay on for a few minutes and wash it out.

      Hair loss could be coming from a lack of biotin or the need for a drop of iodine every 4 days or so. I use losol iodine. Or eat lots of shell fish.

    • ClintB

      Sometimes cider vinegar helps.

    • Rachel


      I know many people with similar scalp issues who have had great results using Ava Anderson Non Toxic hair products: shampoo, conditioner, etc. Aloe is the first ingredient, and promotes healing and relief from itching, dryness, dandruff, scaly skin, etc. The shampoo and conditioner are each $15.95. http://www.avaandersonnontoxic.com

      • Karen

        Five Elements make an ointment called “Skin Tonic” that deals to scalp conditions such as this- see the testimonial section at . All the best!

        • Kari

          It sounds like what my 6 yr old grandson has. He has patches of dry scaly skin where the hair is thin. He was just diagnosed with Celiac Disease (which can present itself at any age) which caused his scalp condition. Maybe your sons condition is something medical related.

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