This time of year there’s green on the trees, green in the fields, gorgeous green plants sprouting up everywhere you look. But are there greens on your plate?
Your body and your bones hope the answer is yes. Today we’ll have a look at a compelling reason why, by examining a powerful compound found in green cruciferous vegetables: sulforaphane.
Sulforaphane is a naturally-occurring substance with a remarkable benefit: it increases bone density. The scientific studies we’ll examine today, show the bone-building properties of sulforaphane, properties that Big Pharma has attempted (and failed) to replicate in the osteoporosis drugs it manufactures.
Unlike those costly and risky pharmaceuticals, sulforaphane is naturally-occurring, has no negative side effects, actually improves additional areas of your health, and you can get it as part of a delicious bone healthy diet! Read on to learn how.
What is Sulforaphane?
Sulforaphane is a naturally occurring organosulfur compound, which means that it’s a sulfur-containing organic compound. These are very common, since sulfur is an essential building block of life. Sulforaphane is classified chemically as an isothiocyanate.
These biochemistry terms might make this substance seem foreign and unfamiliar, but you actually know it quite well. It’s obtained from common foods like broccoli, brussel sprouts and cabbage. Interestingly, sulforaphane actually doesn’t exist in it’s final, bone-building form until you’re in the process of eating a cruciferous vegetable.
The compound is produced when the plant matter is damaged by chewing or crushing, allowing two component compounds, the enzyme myrosinase and the glucosinolate glucoraphanin, to mix and react. The enzyme transforms glucosinolate into sulforaphane, and then your digestive system absorbs and delivers it.
Studies Show Sulforaphane Triggers Bone Growth
Bone is a living tissue. It changes, grows, and is subject to many different processes. Bone remodeling is regulated and performed by two cells types: osteoblasts and osteoclasts.
Osteoblasts generate and secrete the matrix for the creation of bone, or bone deposition. They quite literally build new bone. Osteoclasts perform the equally important function of clearing out old bone material – bone resorption. When these two activities fall out of synch, the quality of bone is reduced.
Bone density deteriorates, and bone strength along with it, if the osteoblasts are underactive or the osteoclasts are overactive. Many pharmaceutical solutions to reduced bone mineral density have taken the approach of creating the reverse imbalance: typically inhibiting osteoclasts so that more new bone is deposited than old bone is removed.
However, studies have shown that this medically-induced imbalance leads to serious risks and problems: making bones bulky, brittle, and prone to fracture, especially after long-term use. It should be no surprise that artificially turning the dials on a natural process could yield such poor results!
Fortunately, a more moderate osteoblast stimulation while restraining osteoclast activity can be achieved with sulforaphane. A recently published study in the Journal of Biological Chemistry looked at the impact of sulforaphane (SFN) on osteoblasts and osteoclasts via experiments on cell cultures and laboratory mice. Here is what the application of SFN lead the researchers to conclude:
“Our data indicate that the food-derived compound SFN epigenetically stimulates osteoblast activity and diminishes osteoclast bone resorption shifting the balance of bone homeostasis and favor bone acquisition and / or mitigation of bone resorption in vivo.”1
This is precisely the result that Savers are seeking, and in a safe and natural form: cruciferous vegetables. But the mechanics of this effect are almost as exciting as its result. Sulforaphane stimulates osteoblast activity epigenetically. This impact goes all the way to the root of our bodies’ architectural framework: our DNA.
Epigenetics: Changing The Code
Epigenetics is a field of biology that examines the expression of genes. The name itself translates from its Greek roots roughly to “beyond genetics.” As this area of science has expanded, researchers have shown that there is more to who we are than a single unchanging set of results stemming from the instructions in our DNA.
In point of fact, our DNA contains many possibilities that may or may not be activated depending on outside stimuli. This is great news, because it means that even if you have a genetic predisposition to a particular condition, the possibility remains that you can avoid the triggers that cause that condition to manifest. Conversely, you can alter your genetic expression for beneficial mechanisms that are just waiting to be unlocked.
Sulforaphane is one such key. Through a series of chemical reactions, it essentially pushes the “go” button on the process that leads to osteoblast creation and osteoclast reduction. Here is the more technical description of that impact from the study itself:
“SFN enhances active DNA demethylation via Tet1 and Tet2 and promotes pre-osteoblast differentiation by enhancing extracellular matrix mineralization and the expression of osteoblastic markers (Runx2, Col1a1, Bglap2, Sp7, Atf4 and Alpl). SFN decreases the expression of the osteoclast activator RANKL in osteocytes and mouse calvarial explants and preferentially induces apoptosis in pre-osteoclastic cells via up-regulation of the Tet1/Fas/Caspase 8 and Caspase 3/7 pathway.”1
That might be a little complex, but the result is one you already understand: stronger, more flexible, healthier bones. That’s not all that sulforaphane has to offer.
Other Benefits of Sulforaphane
Given that sulforaphane is found in one of the healthiest of all food types, cruciferous vegetables, it should be no surprise that this phytochemical has a host of other benefits. Here are a few of them:
- Sulforaphane prevents cancer by activating a nuclear factor that regulates the body’s balance of oxidation and enhances anti-oxidation power.2
- Sulforaphane increases the body’s ability to detoxify itself of chemical compounds.2
- Sulforaphane reduces obesity by browning adipocytes to augment energy consumption.2
- Sulforaphane improves “obese” gut bacterial flora caused by high-fat diets and metabolic endotoxemia.2
- Sulforaphane significantly reduces LDL cholesterol levels.3
- Sulforaphane reduces the risk of heart disease and cardiovascular problems.4
- Sulforaphane boosts the efficacy of the immune system.5
- Sulforaphane helps reduce inflammation.6
- Sulforaphane protects your neurons and may even help restore lost cognitive function.7
- Sulforaphane reduces the severity of arthritis.8
- Sulforaphane improves kidney function (which also supports bone health!)9
How To Get More Sulforaphane
For something as powerfully healthful and restorative as sulforaphane, it’s remarkably easy to get. Cruciferous vegetables are the best source of the compound, and you can easily consume them every day by including one or more of the following foods in your diet:
- Brussel sprouts*
- Bok choy
- Chinese broccoli
- Broccoli raab
- Mustard greens*
All of these are great sources, but the cruciferous vegetable with the highest concentration of sulforaphane are broccoli sprouts, (not to be confused with Brussel sprouts!) and they make a great addition to salads or sandwiches.
Savers are already familiar with these veggies, especially those that are Foundation Foods, marked with an asterisk above. These foods are notable for containing bone-essential vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals.
If these foods aren’t already on your plate, consider the Osteoporosis Fresh Start Cleanse: The Seven Day Bone Building Accelerator. This whole-health cleanse is focused on inclusion and not deprivation, making it healthier (and easier!) than starvation-based fad cleanses. Cruciferous vegetables play a significant role in the dietary specifications of the seven day cleanse that flushes out the toxins and osteoporosis drugs out of your body and sets the stage for restoring the health of your bones along with the Osteoporosis Reversal Program. Aside from sulforaphane, cruciferous vegetables contain a phytochemical that is essential to the detoxification process: d-glucarate.
Sulforaphane and d-glucarate-containing foods are included in recipes for the once daily raw dishes, juices, smoothies, and much more that are an integral part of the Osteoporosis Fresh Start Cleanse. They offer you a delicious blast of nutrients, and open the door to accelerated bone building, better liver and kidney function, more energy, optimal sleep, and a younger appearance.
Accelerated Bone Remodeling In Just 7 Days!
Discover how the Osteoporosis Fresh Start Cleanse can flush osteoporosis drugs and other bone-damaging toxins from your system – in just seven days.
Isn’t it great to know that there is so much power in what we eat? Indeed, we can improve our health at the most basic level – the expression of our genes – by eating the right foods.
Feel empowered by this knowledge, and use it to make life-changing improvements to your bone-building habits today!
Till next time,
1 Roman Thaler, et al. “Anabolic and anti-resorptive modulation of bone homeostasis by the epigenetic modulator sulforaphane, a naturally occurring isothiocyanate.” Journal of Biological Chemistry. January 12, 2016. Web: https://www.jbc.org/content/early/2016/01/12/jbc.M115.678235
2 Kanazawa University. “Sulforaphane, a phytochemical in broccoli sprouts, ameliorates obesity.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 March 2017. Web: www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170307100402.htm
3 Charlotte N Armah,et al. “Diet rich in high glucoraphanin broccoli reduces plasma LDL cholesterol: Evidence from randomised controlled trials.” Mol Nutr Food Res. 2015 May; 59(5): 918–926.Web: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4692095/
4 Stephanie M. Tortorella, Simon G. Royce, Paul V. Licciardi, and Tom C. Karagiannis. “Dietary Sulforaphane in Cancer Chemoprevention: The Role of Epigenetic Regulation and HDAC Inhibition.” Antioxid Redox Signal. 2015 Jun 1; 22(16): 1382–1424. Web: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4432495/
5 Loretta Müller, et al. “Effect of Broccoli Sprouts and Live Attenuated Influenza Virus on Peripheral Blood Natural Killer Cells: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study.” PLoS One. 2016; 11(1): e0147742. Web: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4731143/
6 Bahadoran Z1, Mirmiran P, Azizi F. “Potential efficacy of broccoli sprouts as a unique supplement for management of type 2 diabetes and its complications.” J Med Food. 2013 May;16(5):375-82. Web: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23631497
7 Kim J, et al. “Sulforaphane epigenetically enhances neuronal BDNF expression and TrkB signaling pathways.“ Mol Nutr Food Res. 2017 Feb; 61(2) .Web: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27735126
8 Kong JS et al. “Inhibition of synovial hyperplasia, rheumatoid T cell activation, and experimental arthritis in mice by sulforaphane, a naturally occurring isothiocyanate.” Arthritis Rheum. 2010 Jan;62(1):159-70. Web: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20039434
9 Carlos Enrique Guerrero-Beltrán, et al. “Sulforaphane, a natural constituent of broccoli, prevents cell death and inflammation in nephropathy.” J Nutr Biochem. 2012 May; 23(5): 494–500. Web: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3179776/